CAICC Community-wide Conference on March 28th!

American Indians throughout the Chicago area are invited to come and participate in a community-wide conference hosted by the Chicago American Indian Community Collaborative. The purpose of this conference is to report on the accomplishments and progress made since the initial community-wide conference in June of 2012. This event will also be devoted to updating the short-term and long-term goals regarding future growth and development as well as the needs, issues and aspirations of Chicago’s American Indian community.

American Indians participating in this gathering will engage in active dialogue and information sharing on various issues including arts and culture, education, economic development and other issues. The American Indian Center will serve as the conference site; however, sponsorship rests with all of the Native organizations listed below.

This endeavor is truly a collaborative undertaking and is expected to produce enormous benefits for the American Indian community, including: a more efficient and effective service delivery system, a broader vision for community change, and greater visibility in the City.

One-day pass bus cards will be given to the first 50 participants using public transportation*

Conference Location: American Indian Center
1630 W. Wilson Ave.
Chicago, Illinois

The Chicago American Indian Community Collaborative (CAICC) is a network of seventeen organizations and programs dedicated to improving conditions for Native Americans in the Chicago area. The network is dedicated to the following purpose:

1) Establish a common vision and mission for the Chicago Native American community;
2) Develop a comprehensive service and development model for the urban setting;
3) Move towards collaborative community relationships internally and externally; and
4) Promote understanding and respect for our culture and communities including the social, economic and spiritual spheres.

Eventbrite - Chicago American Indian Community-wide Conference

First Nations Awards Three Urban Food-Systems Grants

LONGMONT, Colorado (Jan. 6, 2015) – First Nations Development Institute (First Nations), a national Native American nonprofit organization that works to improve Native economies and communities, today announced it has awarded three $7,000 grants under its Native American Models for Control of Local Food Systems project.  The grants were underwritten, in turn, by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation in association with the Wells Fargo Environmental Solutions for Communities Program (70%), and the W.K. Kellogg Foundation (30%).

In June 2014, First Nations was selected as one of 54 nonprofits to receive funding from the 2014 Wells Fargo Environmental Solutions for Communities grant program, which support projects focused on land and water conservation, energy efficiency, infrastructure, and educational outreach. The Wells Fargo Environmental Solutions for Communities grant program began in 2012 as part of Wells Fargo’s commitment to provide $100 million to environmentally-focused nonprofits and universities by 2020. It is funded by the Wells Fargo Foundation with a $15 million, five-year commitment to promote environmental stewardship across the country. It is administered by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.

The Native American organizations receiving grants from First Nations are:

American Indian Center of Chicago (Illinois) – This project will utilize a “Three Sisters” lesson plan that fosters healthy relationships with food, scaffolds STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) activities with traditional American Indian stories, teaches the history of Indigenous peoples of Chicago, and promotes the use of tribal languages. In this effort, the center intends to increase development, management and monitoring of land through the planting of trees, fruits and vegetables. Additionally, the center will work to increase its visibility with Chicago public schools and build organizational capacity as professional development providers to the school system.

Dream of Wild Health (Minneapolis, Minnesota) – This project will increase learning opportunities available to Native youth through the organization’s Garden Warrior education program. Dream of Wild Health will 1) utilize one to two acres at the Dream of Wild Health farm for a Bee Meadow that will support native plant species and encourage native bees and other pollinators, and 2) significantly increase the number of tribal youth familiar with the importance of supporting native plants and pollinators.

Gerald L. Ignace Indian Health Center, Inc. (Milwaukee, Wisconsin) – The center will create a space for community gatherings and ceremonies that will serve as a learning environment for traditional foods, herbs and medicines, and urban agriculture. The new space will provide an area for a native herbal medicine plot, rain garden, Three Sisters plot, fruit trees and a berries section. In addition, the center plans to incorporate a youth garden club, provide sustainability teachings through a native plant demonstration rain garden, and initiate gardening and agricultural conversations through events and listening sessions.

About First Nations Development Institute

For 34 years, using a three-pronged strategy of educating grassroots practitioners, advocating for systemic change, and capitalizing Indian communities, First Nations has been working to restore Native American control and culturally-compatible stewardship of the assets they own – be they land, human potential, cultural heritage or natural resources – and to establish new assets for ensuring the long-term vitality of Native American communities.  First Nations serves Native American communities throughout the United States. For more information, visit


Program Contact:
Jackie Francke, First Nations Director of Programs and Administration or (303) 774-7836 x202

Media Contact:
Randy Blauvelt, First Nations Senior Communications Officer or (303) 774-7836 x213

Monthly Indigenous Science Days to continue

Hey Everyone,

We wanted to make sure that everyone knows that our monthly Indigenous Science programming will be continuing over the next several months!

Former Education Department staff have agreed to volunteer their time to make sure that this wonderful programming series continues for families and community.

The next dates and locations are as follows:

September 27th- 11am-1pm @ Montrose Beach (Magic Hedge Bird Sanctuary area)

October 25th- 11am-1pm @ Montrose Beach (Magic Hedge Bird Sanctuary area)

November- Date and Location- TBD

December- Date and Location- TBD

January- Date and Location- TBD

Native Americans connect to past through gardens

Check out our project in the news!

In this July 10, 2014 photo, Lilah White, left, and Natalie Cree Arguijo carry plants during a gardening exercise with the American Indian Center in Chicago. The center is using gardens to teach urban Native American youth about the importance of their connection to the land. (AP Photo/Stacy Thacker) (Stacy Thacker/AP)


Native Americans connect to past through gardens by Stacy Thacker, Associated Press


AIC 61st Annual Pow-wow & 5K

September 13th & 14th, 2014

chicago powwow flyer

Advanced Ticket Sales

AIC Powwow

5k Run/Walk

American Indian Center – Chicago will host its first annual powwow 5K run/walk to encourage families to engage in increased physical activity to promote healthy lifestyles, and to raise funds for the organization so we can continue to offer quality programming and services.

Job Openings

Find more information HERE

– Research Assistant, Part Time

The American Indian Center, Chicago, IL     Education Department

Reports To: Research and Dissemination Coordinator Location: Chicago, Illinois

Type:    Part Time – Experienced  Salary Range:    See below

Open Date:     August 21, 2014            Closing:   August 29, 2014

– Coordinator of Research and Dissemination

The American Indian Center, Chicago, IL     Education Department

Reports To: Executive Director and Principal Investigator     Location: Chicago, Illinois

Type:      Full Time – Flexible              Salary Range:        See below

Open Date:       August 21, 2014                     Closing:      August 29, 2014

STEM Learning

By Mallory Black and Christina Cala / Native Health News Alliance

STEM, or science, technology, engineering and math education, is at the top of many educators’ agendas. But what if improving those numbers had more to do with the community than the classroom? A team of researchers in one study are looking at just that among Native American children in Chicago, whose understanding of science may come more from their culture than test tubes and lab coats.

In 2005, a study by the group found that children of the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin had earned their highest test scores in science in the fourth grade, but by eighth grade, their scores dropped dramatically. Researchers are trying to do something to change that. Reporters Mallory Black and Christina Cala have more.


Sound: Tink, tink, tink… (sound carries under)

MBLACK01: It’s 40 degrees outside, and the perfect weather for tapping a maple tree.

Sound: Tink tink tink….

MBLACK02: The process is fairly simple. You’ll need a drill, a hammer, a spiel, a plastic bag, and a maple tree that’s at least 40 feet tall. Luckily for the 10 people at the American Indian Center of Chicago, the maple tree out front fits the criteria.

SUKODOVICH01: “This brazen bit is probably one of the oldest drill designs, and its 2014 and we still use it, it still works.”

MBLACK03: That’s Eli Sukodovich. He leads Indigenous Science Days at the Center on Saturdays.

SUKODOVICH02: “Some tribes like the Potawatami will actually cut in a v-groove, and their spiels are almost like ramps and they go right into a basket. Old technology it’s still new, still relevant.”

MBLACK04: This is the second year he and the kids have tapped the maple tree in front of the Center. Eli is the Project Coordinator and teaches land-based science, where Native American kids learn how their traditions are inherently scientific.

Sound: Tree sap begins to flow

Eli: “Look it, guys! It’s startin!”

Felicia: “You guys want to taste it?”

Kid: “I do.”

Eli: “Here, dip your finger right at the spiel.”

MBLACK05: Eli has been working with the American Indian Center and the Menominee Indian tribe of Wisconsin for the past eight years. He and his research partners are trying to understand how Native culture influences STEM learning, one tapped tree at a time.

SUKODOVICH03: “What we just did out there was a botany lesson, chemistry, did a little math, incorporated a lot of things, but all anyone thought about when you think about it, it’s maple tapping. We’re showing our community and others that our science is embedded in what we do, it’s embedded in our stories, it’s embedded in our practices. We may not call it science, we may not call it math or call it chemistry, we call it cooking, we call it tapping a maple, but there’s still science involved.”

MBLACK06: Eli works with Dr. Douglas Medin, a cognitive psychology professor at Northwestern University. Their study, Living in Relationships, was funded by the National Science Foundation in an attempt to understand why Native people are underrepresented in STEM fields. Medin says that Menominee fourth graders scored above average in science but by eighth grade their scores slipped. Science had become their worst subject.

MEDIN01: “That’s what made us wonder what’s going on? We started to consider that you’re asked to adopt an alien perspective or at a minimum a fair amount of instruction may just tell kids that their everyday experience is irrelevant.”

MBLACK07: What Medin’s team proposes is that it may have something with how kids understand science within the Native American culture. In the study, they asked both Native and European American parents what they thought was important for their children to learn about nature.

MEDIN02: “European American parents, they say things like ‘I want my child to respect nature and know that they have a responsibility to take care of nature.’ But in sharp contrast, the Native American parents and grandparents are much more likely to say ‘I want my child to realize they are a part of nature. So this dimension of psychological distance between humans and nature is one big dimension of difference.”

MBLACK08: The first few years of their work involved a lot of conversation back and forth with community members about what science is, and trial and error to develop science curriculum for the kids.

SOUND: Powwow music… under

SOUND: “Hello everybody, thank you for coming out tonight to our intro to powwow, we have a special guest”… audio down

MBLACK09: One activity they came up with is to teach though traditional powwow classes, where kids learn stories about nature through dance and song. On a Thursday night at the Center, a room of 20 kids and their parents watched two powwow dancers from different generations.

Dominique Cisneros Watson, a 19-year-old Powwow dancer performed a grass dance in the middle of the room. The story goes that scouts would dance on the grass to flatten it, so they could set up their camp on level ground for the night.

WATSON01: “The whole culture makes me see nature a little differently. We’re taught, like to definitely respect the earth and take what we need and no more than that.”

Sound: Powwow music fade out

POCHEL01: “In westernized science they don’t see our stories as science, they label them like myths so they’re not looked at or viewed as important because they’re like folk tales.”

MBLACK10: That’s Fawn Pochel, a science facilitator at the Center. She has two kids who attend the powwow classes and Indigenous Science Days.

POCHEL02: “Science is in some ways catching up to things we already knew, so the discovery of the Higgs-Boson atom saying that there’s one particle in everything that makes it hard. You know one of the kids said, well, in Lakota we call that ”metakakuweiawasum” which means all of my relations. The kids participating in the programming now, we’re trying to teach them we can be the people making scientific breakthroughs in America.”

MBLACK11: Another researcher Ananda Marin says the program makes room for Native science alongside Western science.

MARIN01: “We’re always continually as human beings searching for some kinds of answers and for us in Chicago its about trying to figure out how we can create environments for our kids where they can be indigenous peoples because when they go to school everyday they’re one person in a building of 300-400 kids where they’re the only Indian kids.”

MBLACK12: There are signs the curriculum may be working. When surveyed as part of the study, kids said the programming is helping them in school. And many of the researchers involved with the program have gone on to pursue PhD’s and Masters degree, and jobs in urban forestry and other sciences. Ultimately, Medin says, it’s about the future.

MEDIN: “Who owns science? One of the, I think, best products of our research project has been our team going back to school. We’re faced with global climate change, we’re faced with health issues, policy issues, and if the research determining policy is done by people with a different set of values, a different way of thinking about the world, it’s not necessarily going to be in the best interest of native people. I think the idea is to get native people a place at the table, and if you look at historical records of sustainability, why would you bet on European Americans?”

MBLACK13: The team’s study is expected to conclude in August. For the Native News Health Alliance with Christina Cala, this is Mallory Black.


© Native Health News Alliance

The Native Health News Alliance (NHNA), a partnership of the Native American Journalists Association (NAJA), creates and promotes shared health news content for American Indian communities at no cost.

Bad River runs on the road to Red Lake by Chi-Nations

chi-nations group photo The Chi-Nations Youth Council’s trip from the American Indian Center of Chicago to Red Lake, MN was the second to Ojibwe Country in as many years. Working in the Sugar Bush to produce maple syrup was our main objective on this trip. But along the way, there was a long list of educational moments and life changing experiences on this trip that would last for the entirety of our spring break from April 12th to the 19th.

 Just beginning this expedition was a feat. Everything from fundraising to packing the van was a group effort. We barely had room for everyone with the 12 passengers and luggage. “We want to thank Allen Turner for packing the van and helping to send us on our way,” said CNYC member Anthony Pochel.

From Chicago to Red Lake, CNYC, made every attempt to visit friends and family whenever possible. Our first stop was in Green Bay, WI where we had lunch with the Pochel-Saldana family that recently moved to Green Bay with their three little ones.

Justine and Justin hooked us up with some blanket dogs and tea. Then we had some time to stretch our legs, talk, take pictures, and hug the babies before we were back on the road. It turns out that we left our camera and Justine recorded a message for us: “you guys came over and ate us out of house and home, we were happy to have you. We’re waiting for you guys to come back to pick up your video camera, so you guys can make it to Bad River. Have fun, be safe, you got mad love and support all over.”

Now we were back on the road, driving down Highway 51 to Odanah, Wisconsin where my cousin Jill was waiting on our arrival. The plan was to spend the night in Odanah and either sleep on their gymnasium floor or possibly sleep at their casino lodge but first my cousin was busy making us some indian tacos.

Before we could make it, Raven and Lexi noticed we were to pass her niece whom she hadn’t seen in years. So of course we made another stop. By now, we were into the North Woods in Ho-chunk country and we noticed snow piles and lots of mud.

 Raven and Lexi met their relatives, shed tears of joy, had some laughs, and took some pictures. By now we were a little behind schedule but that’s okay because Indian time is family time or as some say – creator’s time. 

By now, Jill was in Odanah getting ready to make fry bread as we made our way through the Northwoods of Wisconsin, listening to powwow music.

Nightfall came as we pulled into Odanah, Wisconsin, home of the Bad River Band of Ojibwe. Adrien Pochel couldn’t believe how cold it was, wearing just a pair of shorts and a shirt. It had to be near freezing in Odanah yet it was kind of warm in Chicago. Cousin Jill had made quite the spread of Indian tacos with the help of her kids.

By now we were relaxin’ and maxin’ Indian tacos, smiling and relieved that we made it this far without losing anyone and the kids had been pretty well behaved. Most of the CNYC was in agreement that Jill’s tacos were some of the best we ever had – no lie. 

Meanwhile, Naomi (CNYC) was busy tallying up receipts. We decided before we left that she would be helping keep track of the money. This would help us determine if we had enough money, otherwise we would be sleeping on the floor at local gym. The CNYC put it to a vote and we decided we would sleep at the Bad River Casino Lodge, because it has a pool. The pool was the deciding factor for the kids and the beds were the deciding factor for the adults. 

The next day we met Jill back at the youth center for breakfast where Christine Red Cloud and Mikayla were making breakfast. We had eggs, bacon, and sausage. Winfield and James were playing with the camera. My cousin was on her way to meet us but was held up due to the passing of an elder in the community. We were saddened by the news.

The plan was to have Jill brief us on the tribes struggle to protect the Bad River watershed from a mining company that was planning on devastating the land, proposing to turn the Penokee Hills into a pit mine for iron ore. This proposed mine would be the largest in the world at twenty-two miles wide!

We finished breakfast and cleaned up. By this time, Jill was ready to give us the rundown. She passed around a map to show us where the Penokee Hills were located – 30 miles south of Odanah. She explained how the Penokees were the highest point in Northern Wisconsin, therefore all water flows north through the Bad River Watershed and into Lake Superior.

We asked about the life that relied on the watershed and she said they had minks, martens, deer, bears, wolves, beavers, muskrat, and all kinds of birds and fish. She talked about how much the people love their land where they harvest wild rice, catch walleye, and tap maples. She also said that the tribal economy depends on harvesting but also tourism to generate funding for the tribes family programs. Over the winter Bad River took a heavy hit as tourism was down due to the polar vortex.

Jill had been working diligently for the past few years, along with many others to raise awareness speaking for the land and ecosystem as it is unable to speak for itself. We spoke a little more about the activities for kids and she said we should come back over the summer to see what its like fishing and ricing.

Now we had to see the Penokee Hills for ourselves. Our destination was 30 miles south of our location. The plan was to meet our friend Fawn Young Bear – Tibbets, who works with Bad River as an arts and sciences coordinator. She had been supporting the Penokee Hills Harvest Education and Learning Project (HELP) while living in Bad River for the past several months. The HELP camp was about to reach their one year anniversary and we heard there had been over 5,000 visitors in this time.

When we arrived at our destination, Fawn was there to greet us. We parked our van because the ground was so muddy, we didn’t want to ruin the dirt road for other travelers or get stuck. So we walked to the camp and when we arrived we found the small encampment.

Living in the encampment was a married couple, Larry and Jennifer Ackley. They have been living in a wigwam since October, throughout one of the coldest winters we’ve ever experienced. This came as a big surprise and us city Indians were shocked. While we were complaining about the cold in our apartments, freezing on our walk to school and work, they were there living in a wigwam like our ancestors.

Larry said, “It’s not as cold as you think. All throughout the winter our friends were saying how they felt sorry for us but when they came to visit they seen that it was warmer in our wigwam, with our wood burning stove than it was for them living in a house.” We were truly amazed by this feat and if they can make it through that winter we can make it through anything. Hearing that raised our spirits really high.

By now we were eating some really good stew. They even had an option of either with meat or without. Both were really tasty and wholesome. The stew was made with a wild rice flour base, mushrooms, and vegetables. The other had several kinds of meat.  

   Chi-nations penokees

Fawn Young-Bear began her lesson pulling out a large map. “Right now, we’re sitting on the highest point in the area. The water flows north and there are several sacred sites around, lakes where mothers would give birth, where life is sustained by this wetland. There’s an aquifer the largest in Wisconsin that this proposed mines rests on. Inevitably a pit mine like that would turn that water orange and into acid. What happens when iron sulfides and water come into contact is that it becomes sulfuric acid.” To make matters worse, “when they begin cutting into the Earth, there’s rocks that have been here for millions of years. These rocks contain heavy metals and asbestos.”

The kids were enthralled by Fawn’s presentation. We couldn’t believe it. How can this be happening? “You kids need to know about this struggle, because it’s your generation that is going to have to continue the fight. Whether we stop the mine or not, there will be other attacks on the land and water, and Lake Superior is going to be threatened. The Great Lakes being the largest fresh water system in the world is drinking water for millions of people. Right now, oil companies are trying to find a way to put tar sands oil tankers on the water. So it’s up to us to learn all we can and help.” said Fawn.

The Chi-Nations Youth Council gifted the camp with a jar of maple syrup that we harvested from maple trees in Chicago. We promised to tell our story and share our experiences with as many people as possible in solidarity with the Penokee Hills. We do plan on returning to the Penokees later this year and we hope to see other youth groups like ours make the trip to the Penokees to see what’s happening. Chii-miigwetch!

We call ourselves Chi nations because “chi” means big in Ojibwe but also it’s short for Chicago and we come from many nations – so we are Chi-nations.  Our mission is to build a safe environment for young urban natives to come together to be native and discuss issues affecting our people.  We want to empower and represent our people in the best way we know how, which is promoting healthy lifestyle through arts, activism, and education. 


Growing Circle and 800 Year Old Seeds








The Growing Circle is a new group that has been meeting at the American Indian Center every Thursday to plan gardens, tap maples, and discuss food sovereignty. Utilizing social media and the AIC as a base, the goal of the Growing Circle is to empower people to harvest wild foods and cultivate nutritional goodness while building relationships with the land and people in the process.

Recently, the Growing Circle was gifted some very special seeds from Sue Menzel of Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwe. What makes these seeds so special? Let’s see – they are 850 years old and once thought to be extinct! They came from an archeological dig in Menominee and the seeds were found in a clay pot with other seeds, and named Gete Okosomin (meaning “big old squash”) by Winona La Duke.

Many people don’t know this, but many of our traditional foods have been rendered extinct, largely due to modern agriculture’s industrial approach favoring a few cash crops over an entire variety of native fruits and vegetables. Critics also suggest that Genetically Modified Organisms, are also killing native seeds. That’s why, Gete Okosomin is something to celebrate. Every time someone successfully grows Gete Okosomin and saves the seeds, it’s a victory for our people.

Now, the Growing Circle is challenged to distribute the 850 year old squash seeds to members of the Growing Circle. Just to let you know, the Gete Okosomin is a mammoth of a squash, quite large and heavy. The plan is to establish traditional seven sisters garden beds among eligible Growing Circle members who have room for a garden and understand the importance of seeing that Gete Okosomin doesn’t become cross pollinated. The Growing Circle will be monitoring the progress of these gardens as a club and will share pictures via Facebook.

Besides planting Seven Sisters gardens, we’ll be doing some things we do every year, like working in the medicine garden and harvesting wild foods with the kids. Last year, we tapped maples for the first time and this year we’ve continued that old tradition, tapping a few maples around the center. We’re also encouraging folks to tap maples at home, too.

A few years back, the American Indian Center was awarded a plot of land at the Dunning Read Mental Health Facility on Irving Park and Oak Park. So far, we have used this plot of land to host Indigenous Science Days and to study land remediation. As far as wild foods to harvest at Dunning, you can find several edibles including Wild Plum, Cattails, and Milk Weed. The Growing Circle is also in the process of organizing work days to help in this development.

If you’re looking for something new, towards the end of spring, the Growing Circle will be helping to install and manage an Oak Savanna made up of a majority of native plants and wetland trees and shrubs. This plot of land is part of an agreement with Metra and the American Indian Center, to manage a site off the Metra line at Ravenswood and Wilson Avenue, 2 blocks west of the AIC.

There are some big things happening at the AIC, big 800 year old squash type things. If you’re interested in being a part of this revolutionary experience, join our Growing Circle group on Facebook or email us at We really need your help in making this circle grow. Miigwetch.

For more information about the Growing Circle, e-mail us at or join our Growing Circle page on Facebook.

2nd Annual Sōpomāhtek (maple tree) Activities

On March 15th, 2014, Indigenous Science Day participants took part in the 2nd annual Sōpomāhtek (Menominee for maple tree) Activities at the American Indian Center of Chicago. There are a total of three Maples tapped around the American Indian Center of Chicago. Last year one Sōpomāhtek produced approximately 10 gallons of sap. Once the sap was cooked down there was only a few ounces of sōpomātek-sōpomah (maple sugar, Menominee). This year, we will hope for more sōpomātek-sōpomah and we will work hard to get it. Last year’s winter produced approximately 30 inches of snow and this year’s winter has produced almost 70 inches of snow and we will see how this effects our sōpomātek-sōpomah. Stay tuned for more details and future sōpomah Activities!

As we learned from the story of Manabozho, the creator made the world easy for people and a long time ago sōpomātek-sōpomah used to drip from the branches of maple trees. And one day, Manabozho decided to go for a walk and see how his friends, the Anishnabe were doing and he couldn’t find anyone, no one was hunting, no one fishing and no one was tending their crops, and no one was picking berries. He walked through the forest and found that people were laying under the Sōpomāhtek, letting the thick syrup drip into their mouths.
So, Manabozho went down to the river. He took with him a big basket he had made of birch bark. With this basket, he brought back many buckets of water. He went to the top of the maple trees and poured water in, so that it thinned out the syrup. Now, thick maple syrup no longer dripped out of the broken twigs. Now what came out was thin and watery and just barely sweet to the taste.
“This is how it will be from now on,” Manabozho said. “No longer will syrup drip from the maple trees. Now there will only be this watery sap. When people want to make maple syrup they will have to gather many buckets full of the sap in a birch bark basket like mine. They will have to gather wood and make fires so they can heat stones to drop into the baskets. They will have to boil the water with the heated stones for a long time to make even a little maple syrup. Then my people will no longer grow fat and lazy. Then they will appreciate this maple syrup the Creator made available to them. Not only that, this sap will drip only from the trees at a certain time of the year, when the nights are cold and the days are warm. Then it will not keep people from hunting and fishing and gathering and hoeing in the fields. This is how it is going to be,” Manabozho said.
And, that is how it is to this day. 

For more information about Indigenous Science Days, email OR
Join the group on Facebook at Indigenous Science Day